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DTS monitoring report – Ecosan Projects.by Moses Wakala submitted on 15-09-2010


Date of Visit - 28TH AUG 2010 Previous Visit - June 2010
Date completed- Feb 2010 Date it was put in use - May 2010
Status - Working well

StatusRamba Boys High school with a population of 938 Boys is a Provincial Boarding school which was selected by EPP as a pilot site for decentralized treatment plant among other sites. The DTS plant was awarded to BINLAW Construction Company who did their best it being their first job of that kind. The EPP team worked hard to ensure that the construction was according to standards and as per the pilot plans. The main works of the contractor included:

Ø Construction of 90 cubic meter biogas Digester.
Ø Construction of a six chamber Anaerobic Baffled Reactor.
Ø Rehabilitation of existing pit latrine to flushable toilet.
Ø Connection of the treated effluent to the farm

The school was previously poorly equipped with sanitation facilities in the compound and the 16 toilets were few and smelly making life so uncomfortable for students. EcoSan Promotion Documentary on Television in Kenya depicted some boys removing shirts and pullovers before visiting these latrines so as not to come out smelling to their class-rooms.

Picture showing the status of the pit Latrines in Ramba School before EPP intervention.

The latrines walls were made of rusty iron-sheets that were coming off. With EPP funding, eight toilets were rehabilitated to permanent flushable units with tiled floor. The school also did rehabilitation of the other eight latrines to equal standard with rain water harvesting. Currently, water tank has been constructed next to the urinal and water from this tank is used to flush the toilets with pour-flush method.

From the visit, one could notice the relief and comfort from the students as they visited the new facility to relieve themselves. The Bio-digester is working well and already a gas is being produced which burned when tested by the consultant. The Baffle Reactor is ok and the farm has been prepared ready for the treated effluent.

KitchenThe burners and kitchen piping has not been done. The consultant has delivered the burners in school and is organizing with the school management on the kitchen piping and fittings.

The toilets have been fitted with the gutters for rain water harvesting and the collected water is used in flushing the toilet. The two urinals are also connected to the Digester.

Picture of the eight Rehabilitated pit latrine to flushable toilet in Ramba School.

This picture below shows the Sealed Neck of the Digester. The top cover is just beside it which needs to be put on top of the neck. Wedging to prevent excess gas pressure from pushing the lid has not been done. This is urgent too. One of the plugs in the test unit manhole adjacent to the Neck is also missing. The school has fenced all the DTS plant to keep off people from unnecessary entry. The consultant is planning for a training of the teachers and students on operation and maintenance. The school need to get one grounds-man to be trained to operate the system.

Masonry tank-This picture below also shows a water holding masonry tank constructed by the school to store water for flushing the toilet. Operation instructions can be seen pinned on the wall. The system is operating well with plastic jerricans used to scope the water (about 2.5 Litres per flush). Treated effluent has not overflowed to the garden. There is a small holding tank about 30 cubic meters dug at the end of the baffle reactor before it flows to the farm.


Date of Visit - 28TH AUG 2010 Previous Visit - June 2010
Date completed- Feb 2010 Date it was put in use - May 2010 Status: working well

Lwak Girls is a Boarding school with a population of over a thousand girls. The school was chosen as a pilot site of ecosan technology due to an interest in biogas to reduce the firewood cost in school apart from achieving better sanitation. Therefore the school is very much interested in seeing the biogas produced and used in kitchen. The school has many toilets well constructed with flushing systems. Fifty toilets have been connected to the DTS constructed by COMILA Construction Company which was awarded the contract to build a 90 cubic meter Digester and A baffle reactor. The general water consumption in the school is estimated to be about 60 cubic meters per day. Flushing, washing and bathing water that is connected to the digester is about 60% of the total water. During the previous visits, there was a notable smell from the baffle reactor which from inspection was coming from the semi-treated waste from digester being pushed by the excess water inflow. By inspection, some girls were bathing from outside at night and storm water was by mistake channelled to the DTS. All these excess water connections were re-directed to a soak away pit and the foul smell has now ceased. The facility is well in use and waste is full in the digester and Baffle Reactor.

There was no gas produced from the digester from first inspection. This was as a result of a leakage at the clay seal which had not been attended to from previous visit. In this visit, training was done to the school plumper on sealing and maintaining the DTS components. Kitchen piping components were bought by the school and kitchen piping instruction given to the plumper with two burners to be fitted. The burners were delivered by the consultant to the school. A leakage in the pipe that was detected is to be rectified as piping is in process. The school wishes to have the gas also used in the bakery and requires more information on this.

This Digester neck was found leaking as a result of the clay dried and cracked. Normally, it is kept wet under water to reduce chances of cranking. All the gas had escaped through the neck and there no gas could reach the kitchen. The wedges were removed and the lid pulled aside so as to repair the leakage.

All the dried clay was removed and a better quality prepared clay put well with the plumper so as to understand the procedure of sealing the digester.

Pressing the lid tightly.

Sealing with clay.

Putting water cover on clay.

The DTS plant is doing well in operation. The school has dug a big fish pond in the garden waiting for treated effluent. So far no water has begun flowing in the pond because the school had closed.


Site follow-up and awareness creation on ecosan toilets/biogas in Bondo,Siaya,Kisumu and Rachuonyo districts by Wycliffe Osumba.Submited on 30-08-2010

· Follow-ups were carried out as planned for the few sites where the UDDTs and DTSs (Decentralised Waste Water Systems) were constructed.
· In most areas visited, some of the UDDTs were in use and some were still under construction.

Current status
· Ramba Secondary School - the pour flush toilets were completed and all the toilet doors were in use, biogas piping was already in place but they have not yet installed the biogas stove.
· Bwaja Community Self Help Group - the UDDTs were poorly completed but they are in use. The maintenance and usage was poor.
· At Omiya village near Kokise Primary School, awareness was created and they are demanding the UDDTs. The population reached was 84 people.
· At Raliew Secondary School, the biogas and toilet construction was not completed. The floor tilling was not completed, fixing of the flushing tanks was not done, finishing on the doors was poor.
· Kaminogedo Primary School, construction was complete, but outer finishing was not done. They are not yet in use.

Problems identifiesd or realized during the follow-ups· Some groups were not followed up due to financial problems to help facilitate the transport.
· Most of the places visited still need some more training on behavior change.
· Usage of the end product, maintenance and why Ecosan
· More community demand for the groups that have learnt about Ecosan toilet

Solutions to the above problems· Terms and conditions for payment need to be looked into to avoid delay and to ease the work before us.
· For future implementation of Ecosan, the following areas need to be done to avoid many problems:
a. Proper community mobilization and community need to demand the project and show commitment to own the project.
b. Proper training on the maintenance and usage of the end products.
c. Construction should be the last approach, after the groups have already shown the commitment by mobilizing the locally available resources and the officer on the ground has verified them.
d. Time frame for the implementation need to be looked upon because it is difficult to evaluate and monitor this kind of project due to short time frame.
e. The contractors need to be trained on the Ecosan concept before being given the work. Many Ecosan have been constructed and where the above problems were not addressed, there are still problems.

Date - 09/08/2010
Group - Bwaja Community Self Help Group
Activity - Ecosan toilet follow-up
District - Rarieda

Comment / Achievement
· The UDDTS constructed were in use but maintenance and usage of end product was poor.
· The need more training to avoid future problems and protect environmental pollution.

Date - 09/08/2010
Group - Kokise Primary School Omiya village
Activity - Awareness creation on Ecosan toilet
District - Rarieda

Comment / Achievement
· This group or village was reached when they demanded the project. They are near Lake Victoria but all their pit latrines sank during the heavy rains. They are using the flying toilets or open defecation.
· The population reached was 84 people.

Date -10/08/2010
Group - Raliew Secondary School
Activity - Biogas / Toilet follow-up
District - Rarieda

Comment / Achievement
· The toilets were constructed up to the roof butt the fitting of the floor tiles, water tanks for lushing was started but not yet completed. Piping was not installed to the kitchen.

Date -10/08/2010
Group - Kaminogedo Primary Schools
Activity - Ecosan toilet follow-up
District - Rarieda

Comment / Achievement· Four door units were constructed up to the roof, plastering and screeding was done but finishing outside was not done. Skirting, key pointing, fixing of the water tank and fixing of the urine door was not in place.
· They are not in use
· The schools were still on holiday up to September 2010.

Date -10/08/2010
Group - Ramba Secondary School
Activity -Biogas / Toilet follow-up
District -Rarieda

Comment / Achievement
· The construction of the toilet was completed and three doors were in use.
· Piping of the biogas was installed and wiring but they have not yet started using the biogas.

Date -11/08/2010
Group -Nyamasaria Community
Activity -Ecosan toilet follow-up
District - Kisumu East

Comment / Achievement
· The follow-up was conducted and the constructed units were in use apart from three whose owners were using when they were at home, they live and work in Nairobi
· The groups had already started planting grafted mangos.

Date -12/08/2010
Group - Office
Activity - Report writing
· Meeting
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement· The field report was compiled and written.
· Meeting the group representatives demanding the training and services on Ecosan:
- Dirom Group – 3 people
- Upendo Group – 3 people
- Kase Group – 3 people
· They wanted update training on Ecosan and demanding more units because of the community needs after they had learnt the goodness of the Ecosan double chamber toilet.

Date -13/08/2010
Group -Nyaburi Camp Meeting for SDA Church.
Activity -Awareness creation on Ecosan toilet / HIV and AIDS
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement· This is one of the big gatherings for church members and lasts one week.
· They were demanding for the Ecosan services and HIV / AIDS on antiretroviral therapy and adherence counseling, why Ecosan and the benefits.
· This was done and the population reached was over 400 people.

Date -16/08/2010
Group -Kase Young Married Group
Activity -Update training
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement
· Training was conducted to this group on the usage of the end product and to the invited guests that were demanding the Ecosan project. The group was ready with locally available resources. The following were reached:
1. Kamwania Youth Group – 12 people
2. Koredo Women Group – 20 people
3. Norway Support Group for people living with HIV / AIDS

Date -17/08/2010
Group -Dirom Self Help Group
Activity - Demonstration on how to use decomposed feaces and other organic fertilizers
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement· The demonstration was conducted as per needs of the group.
· The compost pit was dug 2 feet round, underneath we had put dried maize stalk followed by dried feaces from the chamber that had taken 8 months, we the applied 20 liters of urine and covered the compost materials with dried leaves and grass.

Date -18/08/2010
Group -Upendo Women Group
Activity -Ecosan toilet follow-up
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement

· All the 13 units constructed were in use and they did not realize any problems with the usage and many people are going to their group demanding for the project to be extended to them because the pit latrines there sank during the rainy season.

Date -18/08/2010
Group -Nyochoo / Kanyonje / Tang’lweti / Student from Japan
Activity -Meeting
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement
· This meeting was conducted purposely for survey on Ecosan toilets for users and non-users.
· It was an introductory meting and site visitation.
· The three groups were the ones we started working with in 2004, implementing water and sanitation specifically Ecosan one chamber and Ferro-cement water tank.
Date -19/08/2010
Group -Office
Activity -Report writing
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement
· Reports were compiled

Date -20/08/2010
Group -Office / email
Activity -Sending of reports
District -Rachuonyo North

Comment / Achievement
· No funds for sending reports hindering most activities planned for two weeks activities.


Report by Wycliffe Osumba, submitted on 2010-06-29.

The aim of the project is to improve the people’s health situations through the dissemination of hygienic environmentally friendly sanitation technologies. Special attention is given to the reduction in water consumption, the aspect of recycling degradable waste from biomass as fertilizers to improve hygiene and health through clean toilets on institution and household level.

This month we had different follow - ups made as per the planned activities as follows:
1. Achievements
2. Problems
3. Way forward
4. Plan of action

This month we had conducted the following training for communities, groups and institutions. The training was focusing the following areas:
1. Maintenance of the UDDTS
2. Destruction of the end products
3. Wages of the end products from UDDTS
4. Composting procedures

Club formation in schools I visited was formed and has the eco-san team, to support and sustain the project as one of the resources.

The schools had already realized the opportunities, strength, weaknesses, policies, mission, general objectives threats they have.

· Create and support the conservation of environment by fighting against the destruction of indigenous vegetation as a centre and focal point, the community and school work together.
· As a centre and focal point, the community and school work together.
· Sensitize pupils and community at large on the importance of conservation of the environment
· Transfer of knowledge to local community to promote Income Generation Activities (IGA)
· To amply the new technologies and knowledge acquired both as school and community

General objectives
The project is to provide sustainable development programme to the community through which cares and support the conservation of ecological sanitation and environmentally conservation.

· To increase income earning opportunities to both schools and communities.
· To conserve and sustain the environment.
· To transfer knowledge and new technology for developing efficient and sustainable education system.
· To provide required services to the pupils and the community on environmental, ecological, sanitation and agricultural education.


· Available of manpower
· Positive attitude of community members both pupils, teachers and communities
· Skilled staff on environmental conservation and ecological sanitation management.

· Lack of modern technology and skills on biogas, usage of sunlight to produce power system
· Lack of sufficient information and enlightenment within the community
· Lack of resources to help in sustainability

· Availability of land (School garden)
· Availability of iron roof for water harvesting
· Skilled teachers to facilitate both pupils and communities

· Hostile and sometimes unpredictable climate
· Poor soil texture
· Tropical diseases and pest
· Destruction caused by animals and human being.
· Theft

Success indicators
· Community members and pupils have been sensitized in new methods and techniques of using eco-san product.
· Teachers and pupils have developed positive attitudes towards eco-san project.
· Community members are planting more trees to address the climate change.

Current activities
· Maize plantation are in place
· Planning to start horticultural garden in school.
· Eco-san team meetings.


· Lack of water for irrigation and hand washing because most schools do not have water supply system in place.
· Lack of stultified seeds for planting.
· Few eco san toilets constructed are not enough for both pupils and teachers; this makes work difficult to monitor who is to use the units.
· Communities are demanding eco san services in their homes because they have learnt the goodness of the units.

Community Activities

Most of the community groups are women groups with good structures in place.
1. Chair person
2. Secretary
3. Treasurer
4. Committee Members
5. Group Members

Most of the groups are legal groups, registered with the ministry of cultural and social services.
These groups have the project goals, problem statement, justification, objectives, activities and they meet monthly for reporting purposes.
Most of the groups visited are concerned with the environmental conservation after they had gone through training of different training for income generation activities.

Due to poor soil condition many pit latrines had been collapsing during the rainy season. And affected many called permanent toilets collapsed.


The community does have the following problems during the visit meeting
Most of the communities visited ecological sanitation is still a big problem that means lack of the following in place:
· Dish racks
· Composting pit
· Rubbish pit
· Bathroom
· Water tanks for roof catchment
Due to the above, most of women and girl child walk a long distance to fetch water from rivers; lakes which take some people 20KM both from river to home. This water is polluted because all the laundry and bathing are still practiced along the water sources.


1. Most of the places I visited had already using the eco san unit.
2. Urine is in use for agricultural purposes.

Way forward

· Training the needy schools on tree nursery management.
· Horticultural farming.
· Community training on how to manage community groups.
· Follow ups of the unfinished construction.


AfricaSan Awards 2010: Nomination opened

from Water Supply& Sanitation Collaborative Council

The AfricaSan Awards, organized by the African Ministers’ Council on water (AMCOW), are dedicated to recognizing outstanding efforts and achievements in sanitation and hygiene in Africa which result in large-scale, sustainable behaviour changes and tangible impacts. They also aim to raise the profile of sanitation and hygiene by drawing attention to successful approaches, promoting excellence in leadership, innovation and sanitation and hygiene improvements in Africa, and providing incentives for action.

There are 3 award categories:
1. Public Service Award
2. Distinguished Woman Leader in Sanitation and Hygiene
3. Grassroots Champion Award

You may nominate yourself or another individual or institution. Entries may be made by individuals or organizations based within or outside Africa that are involved in sanitation and hygiene-related activities within Africa.

Nomination forms can be downloaded from the AMCOW site.

Nominations can be submitted in English or French to africasanawards@amcow.net by 30 October 2010.
Winners will be invited to the Award ceremony during the 3rd Africa Water Week on November 2010 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

For more information please visit www.amcow.net or email thompson@amcow.net or call Thompson Abu at 00234-803-311-9493 (mobile); 00234-9-7800440 (telephone).


Site follow-up report in North Rachuonyo, South Rachuonyo and Rongo district.UDDTs by Wycliffe Osumba.Sumitted on 08-08-2010

Site Areas: South Nyanza Water Services Board
Areas Covered were: North Rachuonyo District, Rongo district and South Rachuonyo

Summary of the sites followed-up finding and Awareness creation on ecosan Toilet
Follow-up on the sites showed that most households and institution UDDTS whose construction were commissioned May 2009 were still under construction. Also,some UDDTS were finished but lacked fitting;The urine pipes, urine containers and water tanks were not installed by the contractors,These included the ones at Rongo district, Rangwe in Homa Bay District and Ndhiwa District for 49 units.

In North Rachuonyo District, the units constructed were in use and some farmers were already using the end product in their farms as well as in their horticulture farms.

Current Status
· There are 16 household units constructed in one of the groups in North Rachuonyo District. In Nyomindi Cluster, 14 UDDTs are in use and some farmers had started using the urine and compost faeces in their farms. Some farmers were using the end product in their bananas, mango trees, onions and kales.
· Rongo has much pending work both at school and in the community which were not completed accordingly. The same applies to Ndhiwa and Homa Bay Districts. They all need more training on the usage of the units.

Date - 27/07/2010

Group - CBOs · Wang’chieng’ Group · Wang’apala· Nyasore
Activity - Meeting CBO representatives awareness creation on ECOSAN
District - Karachuonyo

The meeting was conducted as planned and all the group’s representatives attended. Topics covered were: definition of ECOSAN, Principles of ECOSAN, Usage, importance of ECOSAN. They demanded that the project be extended to them because it had been implemented in other areas but nobody had seen the UDDTs in their district.

Date - 28/07/2010
Group - Office
Activity - Typing training manual book
District - North Rachuonyo

Typing took place as it was planned and the training manual is almost ready to be used.

Date - 29/07/2010
Group - Nyomindi Self Help Group
Activity - End product follow-up and update training
District - North Rachuonyo

The follow-up was conducted to the same group members whose composted fertilizer were ready for use and demonstrated on applying them when planting.

Date - 30/07/2010
Group - Kadoma Self Help Group
Activity - Awareness creation at Kitere Camp meeting
District - Ronngo District

The awareness creation created to over 300 people on ecological sanitation and the importance of the units. Most people that came from different areas requested for these units to be extended to Migori district, Awendo district, Kuria district so that people could see them and construct them in schools, churches, and at household levels. This is because the soil types in there are weak and most pit latrines collapse during rainy season.

Date - 02/08/2010
Group - Kodoma
Activity - Fitting water tanks and taps
District - Rongo

The fitting was done to 8 people whose construction was completed by the contractor and left the water tanks incomplete.

Date - 03/08/2010
Group - Rapedhi SDA Church
Activity -Awareness creation on ECOSAN
District -Ndhiwa

The pastor at Rapedhi SDA church invited me to their camp meeting for awareness creation on ECOSAN toilet. The meeting was conducted and the population reached 260 people. They demanded for the project to cover their region because of the importance and recovering the end products.

Date - 04/08/2010
Group - Office
Activity -Repot writing
District -North Rachuonyo

Writing field report and training manual.

Date - 05/08/2010
Group - Church of God 7th Day an International Community.
Activity -Training on how to use the compost feases after one year storage
District -North Rachuonyo

Training was conducted to the church members both theory and practical and we transplanted the onions using compost feaces at the church garden. The population reached was 20.

Date -06/08/2010
Group - Nyomindi Self Help Group.
Activity -Practical training on the application of the end product.
District - North Rachuonyo

This mother had applying the compost ECOSAN product after leaving it for one year. They had transplanted onions and tomatoes and were waiting to transplant sukuma wiki (Kales).

Dates - 08/08/2010
Group - Office
Activity - Repot writing and sending
District - North Rachuonyo

Reports were composed and sent.

Problems Identified

  • The contractors were not committed in their work using some godfathers at the GTZ office.
  • Using of untrained artisans during the construction
  • The contractors were not trained on ecological sanitation principles.

Pending Works
· Training is needed to both the communities where the units were constructed and the schools.


Schools and house hold follow up in Homa bay,Rongo,Ndhiwa and Rachuonyo districts.UDDTs.by Wycliffe Osumba.Submitted on 07-17-2010

Site area
South Nyanza water service board post ecosan construction follow ups for Schools and house holds.
Rongo District
The follow up was conducted on the following schools;

Nyarach primary school
In the above school, the UDDTs constructed were in use, but later on it ceased due to poor usage, blockage of the urine pipe, ash was not available for usage, and the community were not involved during the training . All the UDDTs are in bad state, some doors are broken , urine bins are not in place, no water tank in place and termites had destroyed urine doors.

An agreement was made with the deputy teacher to organize with the community, a one day training session focused on , ownership, sustainability, philosophy of ecosan and maintenance of UDDTs toilet.

Nyarach Primary School UDDT in Rongo District.Not used properly. Urine door rotten due to rainfall.Nyarach primary School.
UDDT chamber in use but without application of ash.
Choked UDDT in a poor state due to wrong user procedures. Nyarach primary school.

Rongo Primary School
The above school had four doors of the UDDTs constructed for them, two doors for boys , one door for girls, and one door for the teachers. they started using them , but they stopped usage due to the following reasons;
  • Lack of proper training of parent, pupils and teachers on the ecosan concept.
  • Parents were not willing to have their children bring ash to school for use.
  • Monitoring to use ecosan toilets became a problem due to large ratio of pupils population to toilets in the school (1400 as against 3 doors).

Current Status

  • Urine pipes are blocked
  • They are poorly used
  • They used the units with out applying ash after usage
  • No hand washing in place
  • Termite invaded urine doors
  • And the units lack of proper care
UDDT chamber at Rongo Primary School. In a bad state due to bad maintenance and no use of ash after patronage.
Blocked UDDT squatting pan due to lack of maintenance. Rongo Primary School.

Broken Chamber door, due to Lack of maintenance at Rongo Primary School.

Holes prepared for tree planting at Rongo Primary School dug by the health club. fertiliser from UDDT to be applied.


Post construction training will be conducted for parents, teachers, and community members, on ownership, sustainability, the concept of ecosan toilets , as well as their roles and responsibility.

Ndhiwa District

The construction at ratanga mixed secondary school was completed and students were allowed to start using them by July, 2010 . The follow up will be conducted when school will be opened in September 2010.

Rachuonyo District-The follow ups were conducted for both school and the community.

Kendu muslim mixed secondary school

All the UDDTs are in use, the boys side is in good condition. however, that of the teachers and girls are in bad state. For the teachers, the urine containers are not well maintained, for the girls, they donot use ash anytime they visit the unit.
The health club was formed and they play a good role on the side of the boys.
The school garden has been made, they have planted maize as a top dressing.
The UDDT technology has been accepted because of the practical benefits realised. Almost All the pit latrines collapse during the raining season.


They need update training, which will be conducted when school reopens in September 2010.
Demonstration farms are in place and in the next term they will start using urine for top dressing their crops.

Sunken pit latrine site. This came about due to the poor soil quality.

A well maintained urine chamber at Kendu Muslim Sec.School.

Households - North kamenya self help project group

They had 16 constructed UDDTs and all are working , they started using the units in 2009 and one chamber is almost full , they used urine during the planting season for top dressing and the result was good compared to the harvesting done in 2008.

Application for urine was applied to the following:

  • Mango trees planted,tree nursery, bananas, and cereals
  • Rationing of urine are 1 to 3 for trees and for cereals are 1 to 5
  • House hold with 10 urine of 20 litres takes one week to filled up
  • Hand washing tanks has not been installed due to insecurity
  • Urine pipes are normally blocked and to rod it is not easy
  • Termites have infested some of the urine doors
  • Backdoors wooden frame has been beaten by rain and is causing it to rot.
  • Urine pipes need to be replaced by wash pipes for easy management.
  • Hand washing needs to be replaced by Ferro cement water tank, for it to be permanent
  • Background needs to be made to metallic frame and plate of 18 gauge.

Activities of sustainability groups

  1. Started four tree nurseries
  2. Micro saving and credit

Tree planting such as

  1. Mango planting 2010 200
  2. Orange planted 2010 300
  3. Pawpaw planted 2010 300
  4. Banana planted 2010 250

Community demand of UDDTs

During the rainy season,which was from the start of April-July 2010, most pit latrines collapsed while the Ecosan UDDTs were the only toilets that remained.
Due to the uniqueness of Ecosan toilets, communities are now demanding more. They are ready with the locally available materials such as sand, ballast, round poles, hard covers, water unskilled labour, marram.

Community meeting

We had two different group meetings for which I was invited to facilitate them on Ecosan.The attendance was good.
Seka Kamser sub/location population 86 people
Obama health and community development programme population reached was 200 people, that were demanding technology

Topics covered
  1. Philosophy of Ecosan
  2. Types of ecosan toilets
  3. Benefits, usage, maintenance, bill of quantity

Homa bay district

The following was carried out to Ndiru primary school and all the units constructed are in use. They started using them in May 2010.

The health clubs are maintaining them well and they had started planting trees in school. They are going to start working in school gardens when the school will be open.
The community members were already being trained on the UDDTs and they welcomed the technology and demanding more Ecosan to be constructed in their home so that pupil learn to be constructed in their home s that pupil learn on how to use them both in school and home.

Planned activities for two weeks
Schools follow ups Radienya primary school
Development of training manual –office
Typing the written manual –Oyugis
Community meeting –Oriang’ Maumi Nyochoo Women group
Training Athi water service board identified artisan for 5 days both theory and practical on Ecosan toilet UDDTS Thika

Please see link for more photos on ecosan flikr collection:



Community follow-up and training on UDDTs construction in Rachuonyo North and Radienya Nyakach districts,by Wycliffe Osumba.Submitted on 28-07-2010

Two trainings were conducted as per the planned activities on post construction of UDDTs to the following:

Radienya Nyakach District

I met parents, teachers and school committee on eco-san post construction.
The topic covered:
· Philosophy of eco-san
· Why eco-san
· Types of toilets
· Destruction of the pathogens
· Application of the end products
· Roles and responsibilities
· Sustainability of the project

General comment: The community was happy with the new technology introduced to the school. They demanded that the units be extended to the communities around.

· Health clubs activity involved maintaining the units in a good status.
· They had school gardens, and cultivated cowpeas.
· Radienya has become a place where people go and see how the UDDTs are being used.
· The population at the time the training was conducted is 80 people.

· The school used to have problems of collapsing pit latrine and even in the year 2010, their pits collapsed, but eco-san remained.
· The population of pupils exceeds the capacity of the constructed units.

Way Forward
· We agreed that they will sustain those constructed units and do any repair required.
· Their pupils will come with the ash needed for the unit.

Rachuonyo North District
I visited one of the church members who had constructed UDDTs on their own.
A training session was conducted for the church elders from different churches on eco-san technology.

Topics Covered included;
· Philosophy of the eco-san
· Importance of UDDTs
· Why eco-san
· Destruction of the pathogens
· Usage of the end products

The church has already made a vegetable garden. To promote church development, they will sell the vegetables to generate income. Some of these vegetables include onions, tomatoes and sukuma wiki in the nursery waiting for planting.

They had prepared the garden and they are waiting to start using urine as their first harvesting,whilst they still wait for faeces to be ready.

Nursery for tomatoes and Sukuma Wiki (kales) yet to be planted using the end product from Ecosan.

Nursery for onions yet to be planted using the end product from Ecosan.

The church elders and pastors at the nursery place.

Training the church elders and pastors on the ecological sanitation usage and maintenance of the end product in their church compound at Nyanchwa Church of God Seventh Day an International Community.

Training Tana water service board
The training was conducted for 6 days, starting from Monday to Saturday.

Day one, we went through the theory on eco-san. Topics covered were:
· Philosophy of eco-san
· Types of toilets
· Materials required (costing)
· Destruction of the pathogens
· Maintenance of the units
· Application of urine and rationing
· Composting procedure
· Usage of the end products in the field
· Construction Procedures
· Roles and responsibilities for the sustainability projects

Training was conducted for the artisans from different CBOs (Community based Organisations), in the preparation of constructing UDDTs in their respected CBOs. Total noumber of trainees were; three(3) from the Tana Water Service Board and Twelve(12) artisans.

The supervision and monitoring was conducted by the water service trust fund from Nairobi.

The construction of the three doors was constructed for both chambers and two courses of the superstructures.

Observation:Trainees were happy with the technology they had learnt about during the 6 day training period.

Way Forward

Each artisan was to go into their CBOs to start the UDDTs construction · Monitoring will be done by the trainees where we had conducted practical training. Planned Activities · Follow-up of the household person · Report writing · Finalizing the training manual.
Training the artisans on the theory of ecosan toilets.

Trainees laying the first courses of UDDT chambers.

Trainees inserting the eco plates and weld mesh before casting floor slab.

The trainees with their trainers after finishing setting the superstructure Closing remarks by Eng. Macharia from Water Trust Fund.

Please see link for more photos on ecosan flikr collection:



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